Urban Food Garden

ALTERING GARDEN MICROCLIMATE FEATURE

Altering A Garden’s Microclimate

Garden microclimate refers to the unique mini climate that each garden has.  This page explains how you can alter the microclimate of a garden.  Click the button below for more information about garden microclimates.

wHAT TO ADD TO INCREASE MICROCLIMATE TEMPERATURES
  • CONCRETE AND GRAVEL PATHS
    Warmer than grass.
  • THERMAL MASS
    In the form of buildings and walls.
  • TREES
    Evergreen trees to trap warmth under their leaves on cold nights and deciduous trees to allow in more winter sunlight. 
  • PONDS
    To release stored heat on cold winter nights to reduce the risk of frost.
  • WIND BREAKS
    To reduce windchill.
  • RAISED BEDS
    Warmer than vegetable beds on the ground.
WHAT TO ADD TO REDUCE MICROCLIMATE TEMPERATURES
  • GRASS PATHS
    Cooler than concrete or gravel paths.
  • LARGE TREES
    To increase the amount of shade in summer.
  • PONDS
    Have a cooling effect on hot days, warm winds blowing across a pond will be cooled due to evaporation
  • WIND BREAKS
    To reduce hot winds in summer.

Of course there is a limit to how much you can alter a microclimate, no matter how much you change the microclimate of a garden in a frost prone area you will not be able to grow bananas or mangoes.  But with care you can alter the microclimate of a garden enough to allow marginal plants to grow where they otherwise would not have survived.  In doing so you will also make your garden a more liveable and enjoyable space.

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