Urban Food Garden

MANDARIN: Okitsu Wase (Satsuma)

Compact and hardy mandarin that is suited to cooler conditions.  Produces fruit early in the season with an excellent flavour.  Its main drawbacks are that it is slow growing (grows at about a quarter of the pace of a lemon tree) and has a shorter season than some other mandarin varieties.

PLANT INFORMATION
  • CLIMATE SUITABILITY
    Subtropical, warm temperate and cool temperate zones. Handles  Does well in Ballarat’s climate.
  • HEIGHT WHEN ESTABLISHED
    2 to 4 metres.  though it is slow growing in the cool temperate zone.
  • FROST TOLERANCE
    Hardy.
  • POLLINATION
    Self fertile.  Does not require cross pollination so can be planted on its own.
  • LEAF GROWTH
    Evergreen.
  • HARVEST MONTHS
    April to early June (Southern hemisphere).

Okitsu Wase (Satsuma) tree up against the North side (Southern hemisphere) of our house.  At the time this photo was taken it was four years.

PLANTING AND CARE

Like all citrus trees Satsuma mandarins do best when planted in well drained soil that gets plenty of sunlight and is sheltered from strong winds.   See PLANTING CITRUS TREES for planting information.

While Citrus trees do not need fertiliser to produce a healthy crop they will do better with a liberal application of a nitrogen rich fertiliser such as chicken manure or urea two or three times in the warmer weather.

ADVANTAGES SUMMARY

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ADVANTAGES

  • Excellent tasting fruit.
  • Suited to cooler climates where citrus is marginal.
  • Compact size.
  • Can be grown in large pots.

DISADVANTAGES SUMMARY

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DISADVANTAGES

  • Short fruiting season.
  • Slow growing.
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